DIFFERENT TYPES OF CHARITY AND ISLAMIC RULINGS
This is the compulsory alms-giving which Allah has given the order for in the Qur’an. Its status is Fardh (Obligatory). Zakah is only eligible upon mature, sane men & women who meet the Nisab threshold, 2.5% of their wealth must then be given.
The word itself comes from the Arabic ‘to purify’, as in the Qur’an: “take from their wealth so that you might purify and sanctify them” (9:103). By recognising that one’s wealth is a gift from Allah and giving away a portion of it to others, a Muslim purifies the rest of his or her wealth from greed and miserliness. Zakat is a right which the poor have over the wealthy; it is the duty of the wealthy to fulfil this responsibility to those who are less fortunate.
The Qur’an is clear about who may receive zakat: “alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free captives and debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and for travellers” (9:60).